Diabetic retinopathy is the name for eye disease caused by diabetes. Sight loss is largely preventable if diabetes, blood pressure and cholesterol are all well controlled.

Research has shown that blood pressure and cholesterol control are as important as blood glucose control in preventing eye disease in diabetics.

There is no such thing as “just a bit diabetic” or “not really diabetic”. Even if you control your diabetes with diet or tablets instead of insulin you are still at risk.

If you are diabetic you should have the health of your eyes checked at least once a year to make sure that you are not developing this sight threatening condition. This test should include photographs of the back of the eye taken with a special camera or OCT scanner. Your GP should arrange this test for you – it is called Diabetic Retinopathy Screening.

You should also have a regular eye examination with your optometrist to make sure that you are not developing any other eye conditions as your diabetes can put you more at risk of glaucoma and macula degeneration.